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Brazil's Steel CityDevelopmentalism, Strategic Power, and Industrial Relations in Volta Redonda, 1941-1964$
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Oliver Dinius

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804771689

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804771689.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
Brazil's Steel City
Stanford University Press

In 1941, Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil, created the National Steel Company (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional; CSN), which would become the leading state-owned company and the largest industrial enterprise in the country in the mid-twentieth century. CSN was designed to be the engine of import-substituting industrialization, a set of policies introduced by the Brazilian government to expand domestic industrial production and reduce dependence on imported capital goods. CSN built an integrated steel mill in Volta Redonda, which came to be known as the Cidade do Aço (Steel City). This book examines the history of CSN, focusing on the role of the steelworkers of Volta Redonda in Brazil's economic development and their demand for a fair share of the company's profits. It looks at industrial relations and labor management in Brazil during the late 1940s, the political police and the 1943 federal labor law as instruments of the state in controlling labor at CSN, and the production process and the division of labor in the company's integrated steel mill.

Keywords:   Brazil, National Steel Company, industrial relations, steelworkers, labor law, political police, division of labor, steel mill, industrialization, Volta Redonda

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