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Brazil's Steel CityDevelopmentalism, Strategic Power, and Industrial Relations in Volta Redonda, 1941-1964$
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Oliver Dinius

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804771689

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804771689.001.0001

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Inducing an Industrial Revolution

Inducing an Industrial Revolution

The Creation of the National Steel Company

(p.14) 1 Inducing an Industrial Revolution
Brazil's Steel City
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the role of the National Steel Company (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional; CSN) in the Brazilian economy and its public image as a symbol of the country's postwar industrialization. It analyzes the state of Brazil's industrial economy in 1940 and shows why advocates of the national steel industry viewed CSN as a major instrument to achieving an industrial revolution in the country. It also looks at how President Getúlio Vargas's Estado Novo government overcame political, diplomatic, and financial obstacles to establish a modern steel industry in Brazil. CSN became a reality due to expanded government powers, greater technical expertise, and diplomatic leverage created by World War II. As a symbol of national progress, CSN enjoyed protection from partisan political squabbling until the late 1950s.

Keywords:   Brazil, National Steel Company, industrialization, industrial economy, steel industry, industrial revolution, Getúlio Vargas, technical expertise, Estado Novo

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