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Brazil's Steel CityDevelopmentalism, Strategic Power, and Industrial Relations in Volta Redonda, 1941-1964$
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Oliver Dinius

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804771689

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804771689.001.0001

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Industry Comes to a Village, Villagers Come to an Industry

Industry Comes to a Village, Villagers Come to an Industry

(p.39) 2 Industry Comes to a Village, Villagers Come to an Industry
Brazil's Steel City
Stanford University Press

This chapter focuses on the transformation of Volta Redonda, the site of the National Steel Company's (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional; CSN) integrated steel mill, from an economically depressed village into South America's most modern industrial city. Brazil relied on its physical infrastructure and engineering expertise, and a large number of migrant workers, to build the steel complex. The chapter looks at the workers' origins, the CSN's labor regime during construction, and labor turnover. Volta Redonda became a city of mineiros, mostly men and women from rural backgrounds who considered themselves simple country people, or arigós. A look at living conditions and the disciplinary regime shows why the workers who stayed in the city regarded the construction years to be a time of sacrifice.

Keywords:   Brazil, National Steel Company, construction, steel mill, Volta Redonda, infrastructure, engineering, migrant workers, labor turnover, mineiros

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