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Brazil's Steel CityDevelopmentalism, Strategic Power, and Industrial Relations in Volta Redonda, 1941-1964$
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Oliver Dinius

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804771689

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804771689.001.0001

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Beware of the Communists

Beware of the Communists

Political Policing and Labor Control

Chapter:
(p.124) 5 Beware of the Communists
Source:
Brazil's Steel City
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804771689.003.0006

This chapter examines the role of Brazil's state institutions in controlling labor at the National Steel Company (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional; CSN) during the 1940s. It considers two instruments of state intervention: the political police and the 1943 federal labor law. Under the 1943 labor law, workers had the right to unionize, but while the law appeared to place limits on the police's preemptive measures against militants, it also enhanced the role of law enforcement. The federal and state political police spied on labor organizers in Volta Redonda, launching an anti-Communist crackdown, particularly against the Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista do Brasil), to justify repressive measures against suspected militants and thus to prevent the emergence of a militant labor movement. With the state's unmitigated support, CSN implemented its strategy of labor control until the end of the presidency of Eurico Gaspar Dutra (1946–1951).

Keywords:   Brazil, National Steel Company, political police, labor law, militants, Volta Redonda, Partido Comunista do Brasil, labor control, Eurico Gaspar Dutra, law enforcement

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