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Henry Ford's War on Jews and the Legal Battle Against Hate Speech$
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Victoria Saker Woeste

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804772341

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804772341.001.0001

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Enforcement Without Law

Enforcement Without Law

(p.298) 9 Enforcement Without Law
Henry Ford's War on Jews and the Legal Battle Against Hate Speech
Stanford University Press

Even before the impact of Henry Ford's apology that ended his legal battle with Aaron Sapiro could be felt in the United States, Louis Marshall knew that the document would be useful abroad. Aware of the fact that American citizens enjoyed constitutional protections, Marshall thought that anti-Semitism had more pernicious effects in other countries, especially in Eastern Europe where Jews were suffering from discrimination and violence. Ford's apology became the basis for his continuing relationship with Marshall, rather than his libel opponents. Ford made several promises that Marshall hoped he would keep, but kept only one: he shut down the Dearborn Independent. In writing the apology, Marshall was hoping that The International Jew, which he dubbed “the Anti-Semites Bible,” would no longer be published in the United States and Europe. Anti-Semitic publishers from Germany and South America challenged both the terms of Ford's apology and the arguments presented by Marshall to substitute the apology for law.

Keywords:   Henry Ford, apology, Aaron Sapiro, United States, Louis Marshall, anti-Semitism, Jews, Dearborn Independent, The International Jew, Europe

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