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The Hierarchies of Slavery in Santos, Brazil, 1822-1888$
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Ian Read

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804774147

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804774147.001.0001

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Pathways to Freedom: Manumission and Flight

Pathways to Freedom: Manumission and Flight

(p.154) Chapter Six Pathways to Freedom: Manumission and Flight
The Hierarchies of Slavery in Santos, Brazil, 1822-1888
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines manumission and flight, the two main paths to freedom of slaves in Santos, Brazil. It explains that manumission letters were freely given and that the former slaves usually had almost the same political rights as any other Brazilian citizen, but usually had very little economic leverage. The chapter discusses the dangers risked by those who considered flight because of the absence of the manumission option, and also provides statistics on the profile of slave runaways from 1851–1872, and on the profiles of slaveholders who manumitted slaves from 1800–1871.

Keywords:   manumission, flight, slaves, freedom, Santos, Brazil, political right, economic leverage, former slaves

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