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Beyond ExpulsionJews, Christians, and Reformation Strasbourg$
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Debra Kaplan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804774420

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804774420.001.0001

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Creating Jewish Space in the Christian City

Creating Jewish Space in the Christian City

The Jews and Strasbourg's Markets

(p.69) Four Creating Jewish Space in the Christian City
Beyond Expulsion
Stanford University Press

In Alsace, Jews in rural areas maintained close ties with people in urban communities, and, as a result, travel between city and countryside was common. Even rural Jews who were expelled from urban centers interacted with the magistrates and residents of those centers, which was evident in Strasbourg, a city that expelled Jews in the late medieval period. Movement between the city and the countryside was determined by citizenship categories. Ausburger lived in the countryside but remained subject to Strasbourg alone, while Schultheissburger came from the countryside and could reside in the city. Due to its location on the north–south trade route of the Rhine and the east–west trade route between France and the Holy Roman Empire, Strasbourg became an economic center for the entire Alsatian region. Economic exchanges were not uncommon between people from the city and from the countryside. This chapter looks at the interactions between Jews and Christians, focusing on the role of Jews in the Strasbourg economy and regulation of Jewish presence in the city.

Keywords:   Jews, Christians, economy, trade, countryside, Strasbourg, magistrates, Ausburger, Schultheissburger, Alsace

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