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Beyond ExpulsionJews, Christians, and Reformation Strasbourg$
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Debra Kaplan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804774420

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804774420.001.0001

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Conclusion Becoming French

Conclusion Becoming French

Alsatian Jews in the Wake of Confession Building

Chapter:
(p.165) Conclusion Becoming French
Source:
Beyond Expulsion
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804774420.003.0009

The Reformation initially provided more opportunities for Jewish–Christian contact, but confessional politics eventually heightened the tensions between local Jews and Christians in Strasbourg. From 1530 to 1570, the city served as a refuge to Jews, and the magistrates showed a moderate stance toward them and tolerated them to a certain degree. From the fourteenth through the seventeenth centuries, however, a number of changes radically altered Jewish–Christian relations. Demographic changes, for example, drove Jews out of the city and into the surrounding villages and towns. Multiple confessions offered an opportunity to show tolerance to Jews. The discord between Jews and Christians, regulated by the magistrates more firmly with the rise of confession building, persisted until the nineteenth century. Confession building contributed to the emergence of the modern nation-state and to the deterioration in Jewish–Christian relations.

Keywords:   Jews, Christians, Strasbourg, Alsace, confession building, tolerance, Reformation, magistrates

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