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Markets in the Name of SocialismThe Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism$
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Johanna Bockman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804775663

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804775663.001.0001

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The International Left, the International Right, and the Study of Socialism in Italy

The International Left, the International Right, and the Study of Socialism in Italy

(p.133) 5 The International Left, the International Right, and the Study of Socialism in Italy
Markets in the Name of Socialism
Stanford University Press

This chapter focuses on the Center for the Study of Economic and Social Problems (CESES), a Milan-based think tank funded by transnational and Italian right-wing institutions. Transnational networks of right-wing scholars and activists were believed to be responsible for converting the world to neoliberalism. CESES was established and funded by Confindustria, the primary association representing private industry in Italy, to determine the influence of the Italian Communist Party and several capitalists who supported economic planning and experimental forms of socialism, including publishers Adriano Olivetti and Giangiacomo Feltrinelli. Between 1964 and 1988, CESES sought to create a new managerial class sympathetic to capitalism and critical of communism by showing the failures of socialism and the demand for market reforms in Eastern Europe. CESES demonstrates that the ideas and experiments of the dissident left around the world, particularly those from Eastern Europe, lie at the core of neoliberalism.

Keywords:   Italy, neoliberalism, Confindustria, communism, market reforms, dissident left, Eastern Europe

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