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The Margins of EmpireKurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone$
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Janet Klein

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804775700

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804775700.001.0001

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The Hamidiye and the “Agrarian Question”

The Hamidiye and the “Agrarian Question”

(p.128) Chapter Four The Hamidiye and the “Agrarian Question”
The Margins of Empire
Stanford University Press

Shortly after the Ottoman constitution was reinstated in 1908, a new “question” added itself to the list of the many “questions” debated by Ottomans as they pressed for changes under the new order. The “agrarian question,” as it came to be known, was actually a euphemism for the matter of the Armenian lands usurped during the previous decades mostly by Kurdish tribal chiefs. This chapter addresses the link between the so-called “agrarian question” and its intimate connection with the Hamidiye Light Cavalry. The career of Hüseyin Pasha of Patnos—the Hamidiye chieftain of the large and powerful Hayderan tribe—stands out as representative of this process and of the politics surrounding the “agrarian question” when it emerged as such in 1908.

Keywords:   Hamidiye Light Cavalry, land tenure, Hüseyin Pasha, chieftain, Armenian lands, Ottomans, Kurdish tribal chiefs

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