Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Improving Learning EnvironmentsSchool Discipline and Student Achievement in Comparative Perspective$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Richard Arum and Melissa Velez

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778039

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778039.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 07 April 2020

Class and Racial Differences in U.S. School Disciplinary Environments

Class and Racial Differences in U.S. School Disciplinary Environments

Chapter:
(p.278) CHAPTER NINE Class and Racial Differences in U.S. School Disciplinary Environments
Source:
Improving Learning Environments
Author(s):

Richard Arum

Melissa Velez

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804778039.003.0010

This chapter examines the moderately high levels of victimization in schools reported by students in the United States. For American students, school climate measures are strongly associated with student academic achievement, after accounting for social background, prior test score performance, and other factors. Striking differences exist between African American and white students' academic performance and exposure to school discipline environments. In schools that have greater levels of discipline, African American students learn at rates comparable to whites. Since the expansion of student rights in the late 1960s and early 1970s, forms of school discipline in the United States have changed. Teachers report that the threat of potential lawsuits affects how they discipline students in their classrooms. U.S. students have been afforded unparalleled explicit legal rights that constrain traditional forms of school discipline.

Keywords:   student victimization, US school discipline, school climate, American students, African American student, white student

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.