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Making the Chinese MexicanGlobal Migration, Localism, and Exclusion in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands$
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Grace Delgado

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778145

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778145.001.0001

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Por la Patria y por la Raza (For the Fatherland and for the Race)

Por la Patria y por la Raza (For the Fatherland and for the Race)

Sinophobia and the Rise of Postrevolutionary Mexican Nationalism

(p.157) 6 Por la Patria y por la Raza (For the Fatherland and for the Race)
Making the Chinese Mexican
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the dimensions of postrevolutionary Mexican nationalism and the expulsion of Sonora Chinese. In legal and extralegal maneuverings at the local and federal levels, anti-Chinese agitators successfully endeavored to counter most claims of social and political belonging. State-makers and policymakers utilized a brand of nationalism that constructed and drew on highly racialized and gendered identities. Beset by the enforcement of Chinese–Mexican marriage annulments, severe labor laws, and barrioization (the forced relocation of Sonoran Chinese to designated sections of the state), the Chinese fled Sonora under a state order of expulsion in 1931, with many taking flight into southern Arizona. Objections to the expulsion decree prompted a flurry of correspondence between Chinese ministers and Mexican and American officials, but in the end the only concession granted to Sonoran Chinese was temporary admission to the United States.

Keywords:   Sonora Chinese, Chinese migrants, Arizona, expulsion, labor laws, barrioization, marriage annulments

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