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Income InequalityEconomic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries$
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Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jantti

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778244

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.001.0001

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Horizontal and Vertical Inequalities in India

Horizontal and Vertical Inequalities in India

(p.439) Chapter Sixteen Horizontal and Vertical Inequalities in India
Income Inequality

Reeve Vanneman

Amaresh Dubey

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines income inequality in India. LIS income data for India confirm that the income inequality in India (with a Gini of 0.48) is in the same range as for other low- and middle-income countries. Earlier estimates for Indian inequality have been lower because they were based on expenditure data. Separate estimates for 22 Indian states and state groups reveal a wide range of both income levels and income inequality. All Indian states have lower incomes and more income inequality than any high-income LIS country. Across Indian states, income inequality is not closely related to income levels; nor are income inequality and income levels closely related among high-income countries. Nevertheless, because all high-income LIS countries have lower income inequality than any Indian state or other middle-income country, globally there is a strong negative correlation linking lower incomes with more inequality.

Keywords:   India, income, expenditure, inequality, Luxembourg Income Study

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