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Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation$
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Jeffrey W. Knopf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778275

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778275.001.0001

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Assessing the Role of Security Assurances in Dealing with North Korea

Assessing the Role of Security Assurances in Dealing with North Korea

(p.189) 9 Assessing the Role of Security Assurances in Dealing with North Korea
Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation

John S. Park

Stanford University Press

This chapter explores the link between security assurances and North Korean nuclear decision-making by concentrating on four key areas. The first analysis presented here is an evaluation of key geopolitical shocks that had a major effect on the North Korean regime. The second is an analysis of the main sources of security assurances for North Korea over its history. Thirdly, hypotheses on security assurances based on how North Korea reacted to geopolitical shocks are explored. The chapter finally investigates the conditions under which security assurances may be most efficient in dealing with North Korea in the future. The four key waves that have hit North Korea include the Sino-Soviet split and rivalry, Nordpolitik of South Korea, the collapse of the Agreed Framework, and the advent of the Bush Doctrine. North Korea's nuclear policy responded to these waves to assure short-term survival. Creativity in adapting a security assurance to North Korea is a major determinant of the reclusive country's receptivity and reciprocity.

Keywords:   security assurance, North Korea, nuclear decision-making, geopolitical shocks, Sino-Soviet split, Nordpolitik, Agreed Framework, Bush Doctrine, nuclear policy

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