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“We Are Now the True Spaniards”Sovereignty, Revolution, Independence, and the Emergence of the Federal Republic of Mexico, 1808-1824$
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Jaime Rodriguez O.

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804778305

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804778305.001.0001

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Two Revolutions

Two Revolutions

(p.97) Chapter 4 Two Revolutions
“We Are Now the True Spaniards”
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the two revolutions—the political and the insurgency—that engulfed New Spain in 1810 and that occurred almost simultaneously. The political revolution sought to change the worldwide Hispanic Monarchy into a modern nation-state with a representative government for all parts of the Spanish Nation, as the monarchy was now called. Elections for deputies to the Cortes were held by ayuntamientos (city governments) throughout New Spain. Nevertheless, before the novohispano deputies could depart for the Cortes that met in Cádiz, a great insurgency erupted in the Bajío that, while advocating the creation of a congress of cities to govern New Spain in the name of the king, relied on force to secure local autonomy or home rule. These two overlapping processes influenced and altered one another in a variety of ways for more than a decade. Neither can be understood in isolation.

Keywords:   political revolution, insurgency, New Spain, Hispanic Monarchy, nation-state, Bajío

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