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The Political Economy of Environmental Justice$
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H. Spencer Banzhaf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804780612

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804780612.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Moving Beyond Cleanup

Moving Beyond Cleanup

Identifying the Crucibles of Environmental Gentrification

(p.23) 2 Moving Beyond Cleanup
The Political Economy of Environmental Justice

H. Spencer Banzhaf

Eleanor McCormick

Stanford University Press

This chapter explores an important implication of Tiebout's hypothesis, namely, that well-intended cleanup efforts might harm poor residents through the process of “environmental gentrification.” First, it examines the various demographic effects gentrification entails. Second, it reviews the evidence for these effects. It finds compelling support for the importance of Tiebout's mechanism and for at least some gentrification effects. This chapter suggests that price increases appear to be a more likely outcome than turnover in the racial composition of a community.

Keywords:   gentrification, cleanup efforts, Tiebout's hypothesis, price increase

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