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The Political Economy of Environmental Justice$
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H. Spencer Banzhaf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804780612

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804780612.001.0001

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Moving Beyond Cleanup

Moving Beyond Cleanup

Identifying the Crucibles of Environmental Gentrification

Chapter:
(p.23) 2 Moving Beyond Cleanup
Source:
The Political Economy of Environmental Justice
Author(s):

H. Spencer Banzhaf

Eleanor McCormick

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804780612.003.0002

This chapter explores an important implication of Tiebout's hypothesis, namely, that well-intended cleanup efforts might harm poor residents through the process of “environmental gentrification.” First, it examines the various demographic effects gentrification entails. Second, it reviews the evidence for these effects. It finds compelling support for the importance of Tiebout's mechanism and for at least some gentrification effects. This chapter suggests that price increases appear to be a more likely outcome than turnover in the racial composition of a community.

Keywords:   gentrification, cleanup efforts, Tiebout's hypothesis, price increase

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