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Barrios to BurbsThe Making of the Mexican American Middle Class$
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Jody Vallejo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804781398

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804781398.001.0001

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Mexican Americans Yesterday and Today

Mexican Americans Yesterday and Today

(p.26) 2 Mexican Americans Yesterday and Today
Barrios to Burbs
Stanford University Press

The migration of Mexican Americans to the United States was triggered by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed in 1848, which ended the Mexican–American War. Only five decades after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe, Mexicans in California and throughout the Southwest had lost their land, became disenfranchised, and settled in segregated neighborhoods, factors that contributed to their rise as a distinct and inferior population. This chapter, which focuses on the Mexican American population in the United States, considers the first great wave of Mexican migration to the United States before discussing the impact of the Great Depression and the Bracero Program on Mexican Americans. It then looks at the legal and political status of Mexican immigrants during the civil rights era and following the introduction of new immigration laws, and concludes by assessing how Mexican Americans fared from the 1990s to the present.

Keywords:   Mexican Americans, Treaty of Guadalupe, immigration laws, United States, migration, Great Depression, Bracero Program, civil rights, immigrants, California

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