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Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth-Century MexicoThe Other Half of the Centaur$
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Wil G. Pansters

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804781589

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804781589.001.0001

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Violence and Reconstitution In Mexican Indigenous Communities

Violence and Reconstitution In Mexican Indigenous Communities

(p.233) Chapter Ten Violence and Reconstitution In Mexican Indigenous Communities
Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth-Century Mexico

John Gledhill

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the different forms of violence that characterized the relationships between indigenous people and the contemporary, neoliberal, state. It focuses on the militarization of internal security during the system of rule underpinning the so-called “perfect dictatorship” of the Party of the Institutional Revolution, and how it gave rise to repressive violence such as the massacre carried out by the Guerrero state police on seventeen members of the Organización Campesina de la Sierra del Sur (OCSS) at Aguas Blancas in 1995 and the counterinsurgency campaign launched by the Mexican army against the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN) in Chiapas. The chapter also looks at the repression of the Asamblea Popular de los Pueblos de Oaxaca (APPO) by federal police during the administration of Vicente Fox government in 2006, as well as the violent practices of the drug cartels that led Felipe Calderón's government to criminalize a wide variety of social movements across the country.

Keywords:   violence, indigenous people, militarization, dictatorship, Party of the Institutional Revolution, massacre, drug cartels, police, counterinsurgency

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