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Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth-Century MexicoThe Other Half of the Centaur$
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Wil G. Pansters

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780804781589

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804781589.001.0001

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Narco-Violence and the State in Modern Mexico

Narco-Violence and the State in Modern Mexico

(p.115) Chapter Five Narco-Violence and the State in Modern Mexico
Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth-Century Mexico

Alan Knight

Stanford University Press

A wave of violence associated with drug trafficking is taking place in Mexico. Illicit drug trade has been in Mexico for almost 100 years, dating to the Porfiriato when cross-border trade increased dramatically and U.S. demand for narcotics was very high. This chapter examines organized crime as a source of violence in modern Mexico, focusing on narco-crime and narco-violence and their relation to Mexican state and society in the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. It first considers the distinction between the low-level, individual, and quotidian violence perpetrated by drug users and the high-level, organized violence committed by (and against) drug cartels. It then discusses how drugs and violence are connected to state-making and analyzes the economics, politics, and social basis of drugs and violence in Mexico since the 1980s.

Keywords:   narco-violence, narco-crime, organized crime, drug trafficking, politics, economics, state-making, drug users, drug cartels

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