How Is Inequality of Educational Opportunity Generated? The Case for Primary and Secondary Effects
This chapter contends that social-background inequalities in educational attainment may be seen as the consequence of social-background inequalities in both educational performance and the propensity to make educational transitions conditional on educational performance. It notes that both primary and secondary effects operate to create inequalities in educational attainment, and also describes inequality in educational opportunity (IEO) and the utility of primary and secondary effects.
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