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Determined to Succeed?Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment$
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Michelle Jackson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804783026

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.001.0001

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Why Does Inequality of Educational Opportunity Vary Across Countries?

Why Does Inequality of Educational Opportunity Vary Across Countries?

Primary and Secondary Effects in Comparative Context

(p.306) Chapter Eleven Why Does Inequality of Educational Opportunity Vary Across Countries?
Determined to Succeed?

Michelle Jackson

Jan O. Jonsson

Stanford University Press

This chapter shows that cross-national differences in inequalities in educational opportunity between members of advantaged and disadvantaged social groups are fundamentally driven by cross-national differences in the size of secondary effects, mainly by social differences in educational choice at given levels of school performance. Where secondary effects are large, IEO tends to be large; and where they are small, overall educational inequalities between social groups are smaller. In contrast, there is much less variation in the size of primary effects across countries.

Keywords:   School transition, data variance, IEO, inequality patterns, secondary effects, educational opportunity

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