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Determined to Succeed?Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment$
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Michelle Jackson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804783026

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.001.0001

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Ever-Declining Inequalities?

Ever-Declining Inequalities?

Transitions to Upper Secondary and Tertiary Education in Sweden, 1972–1990 Birth Cohorts

Chapter:
(p.185) Chapter Seven Ever-Declining Inequalities?
Source:
Determined to Succeed?
Author(s):

Frida Rudolphi

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.003.0007

This chapter, which analyzes register data for cohorts of Swedish students from the past 40 years, assessing IEO in relation to both parental class and education, focuses on the transition that students make at age 16, from compulsory education to upper secondary education, and on the later transition to university. It concludes with a Swedish picture of decreasing educational inequalities during the 20th century, which has been consistently corroborated by researchers for the period up until the late 1990s for upper secondary education. Primary effects are indeed a prevailing force in producing social inequalities throughout individuals' educational careers. Secondary effects refer to educational inequalities that are not related to educational performance and ability. Comparing educational origin effects across educational transitions, the size of secondary effects tends to vary less than does total IEO.

Keywords:   Swedish students, Swedish IEO, school transition, Swedish educational system

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