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The Nuclear Renaissance and International Security$
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Adam N. Stulberg and Matthew Fuhrmann

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804784177

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804784177.001.0001

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The Logic of Nuclear Patronage

The Logic of Nuclear Patronage

A Comment

(p.250) 10 The Logic of Nuclear Patronage
The Nuclear Renaissance and International Security

Erik Gartzke

Stanford University Press

This chapter notes that a unifying theme from the three preceding chapters is that the nuclear renaissance is likely to be relatively innocuous from a proliferation standpoint. Yet, the analysis cautions that the proliferation risks of the renaissance could magnify as the number of states with the capacity to provide nuclear assistance or with the basic infrastructure to build bombs increases. Accordingly, the chapter uses insights from Part II of the book as a springboard to address an important puzzle: Why have countries refrained from transferring nuclear weapons to non-nuclear weapons states? While civilian nuclear assistance could lead to proliferation in the long term, a quicker way to strengthen an ally or constrain an adversary would be to export an nuclear bomb. That we have not yet observed this implies that a complex combination of factors—including international norms, economics, and politics—explains the export practices of nuclear states.

Keywords:   personalist regimes, degrees of nuclearness, nuclear transition, democratization, sensitive nuclear assistance, polity, Israel, A.Q. Khan, India

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