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A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950$
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Sabina Donati

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804784511

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.001.0001

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The Birth and First Developments of Italy’s Democratic Republican Citizenship (1946–1950)

The Birth and First Developments of Italy’s Democratic Republican Citizenship (1946–1950)

Chapter:
(p.239) Chapter Nine The Birth and First Developments of Italy’s Democratic Republican Citizenship (1946–1950)
Source:
A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950
Author(s):
Sabina Donati
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.003.0010

This chapter examines the genesis of Italy’s republican citizenship in 1946 and its first historical developments up to 1950. Highlighting fundamental aspects related to the postwar settlement, to Italian domestic politics, and to an emerging Cold War mood, it first explores the tormented birth of the Republic of Italy and the end of monarchical subjecthood following the controversial referendum of June 1946. It then outlines the geographical shrinking of Italian citizenship that took place as a direct consequence of the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty and the loss of territories and populations by Italy. In the course of the discussion, it also draws attention to the specific citizenship measures introduced for the so-called “Italiani non appartenenti alla Repubblica” and inspired by a combination of Risorgimento ideology and revisionism. Finally, it surveys the major characteristics of Italian republican citizenship by making reference to antifascism, democracy and rights.

Keywords:   Italian republican citizenship, Italian monarchical subjecthood, rights, Italian democracy, Cold War, 1946 Referendum, Republic of Italy, Italiani non appartenenti alla Repubblica, postwar settlement

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