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A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950$
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Sabina Donati

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804784511

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.001.0001

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Citizenship of Women and Their Counterpart Throughout the Ventennium

Citizenship of Women and Their Counterpart Throughout the Ventennium

Chapter:
(p.154) (p.155) Chapter Six Citizenship of Women and Their Counterpart Throughout the Ventennium
Source:
A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950
Author(s):
Sabina Donati
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.003.0007

This chapter examines citizenship policies, strategies and discourses pertaining to Italian women and men during Mussolini’s regime. Drawing on studies about gender and fascism, it explores the issue of birth to citizens (jus sanguinis) and the fascist duty of being prolific within a context of eugenic thinking and dictatorial pro-natalist objectives. It also surveys the fascistization of civil, political and social rights, and outlines trends and dilemmas that illustrate the fascist variant of female status civitatis vis-à-vis its counterpart. In the discussion, comparisons are also made with Nazi Germany. Finally, the chapter surveys the major racial discourses that touched upon the notion of Italianness and that were articulated in the peninsula not only during the late fascist period but also throughout the 1920s and the early 1930s. It does so by focusing on racial thinking pertaining to origins of the Italians, anti-Southern prejudices, and anti-Semitism.

Keywords:   Italian citizenship, rights, women, gender, fascism, eugenics, racial thinking, Southern Italians, Italian Jews, italianità

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