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A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950$
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Sabina Donati

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804784511

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.001.0001

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The Armistice of 8 September, Brindisi and Salò

The Armistice of 8 September, Brindisi and Salò

Reflections on Citizenship Issues (1943–1945)

Chapter:
(p.216) (p.217) Chapter Eight The Armistice of 8 September, Brindisi and Salò
Source:
A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950
Author(s):
Sabina Donati
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.003.0009

This chapter uses the lenses of national citizenship and identity to examine the history of the Italians during the complex, and ever since controversial, 1943-1945 period. After providing an overview of Italy’s historical and institutional context, it focuses on the king’s action of fleeing to Brindisi while leaving the nation defenseless, and analyzes this event through the prisms of monarchical subjecthood and the “allegiance-protection binomial.” Drawing on studies about the Italian Resistance, antifascism and the Salò experience, it then highlights the conflicting visions of “Italia”, “patria”, “patriota”, and “identità” that were shaped from the South and from Lake Garda, as well as outlines contrasting concepts of “Italian national citizenship.” Finally, and from another angle, it concludes by showing how the notion of citizenship combines and summarizes in a fascinating way the historiographical debate on whether the 1943-1945 years referred to a “civil war” or to a “war of Liberation”.

Keywords:   Italian citizenship, Italian monarchical subjethood, allegiance, fatherland, national identity, Italian Resistance, antifascism, Salò, civil war, Second World War

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