The Durand Line
The Durand Line
Tribal Politics and Pakistan–Afghanistan Relations
The Afghan-Pakistan border is an inhospitable porous region where extremism has thrived. A large number of border tribes from Balochistan and NWFP/FATA have their land on Afghan territory and regularly visit for cultivation and business. To secure the border a multitier progressive strategy involving political leaders, administration, local influential notables, and local populations is required. At the geopolitical level, Pakistan and Afghanistan have three clear and simple demands of each other; both states should have friendly governments that recognize the territorial boundaries and jurisdiction of each other, neither should allow hostile powers to have sanctuaries for activities against each other’s security, and both should proactively engage and facilitate trade, transit, and energy routes between Central and South Asia. The author concludes that the U.S. is the only power that can provide the leadership to bring together diverse stakeholders into an agreement for regional prosperity, and to defeat extremism.
Keywords: border tribe, Afghan National Army (ANA), Durand Line, Pashtun, Anglo-Afghan Boundary Treaty of 1993, Pashtunistan, Baluchistan, Government of Pakistan (GOP), Pakistan Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
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