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University Expansion in a Changing Global EconomyTriumph of the BRICs?$
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Martin Carnoy, Prashant Loyalka, and Maria Dobryakova

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786010

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786010.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 21 February 2020

The State and Higher Educational Change

The State and Higher Educational Change

(p.1) 1 The State and Higher Educational Change
University Expansion in a Changing Global Economy

Martin Carnoy

Prashant Loyalka

Maria Dobryakova

Rafiq Dossani

Isak Froumin

Katherine Kuhns

Jandhyala B. G. Tilak

Rong Wang

Stanford University Press

The chapter summarizes the current debate on worldwide changes in higher education and develops an alternative model to analyze the massive expansion in BRIC countries' university enrollment since 1995. The model puts national state policies at the center of a confluence of forces influencing how states have shaped their higher education systems. These forces include changes in national and global economic conditions that increase payoffs to higher educated labor, driving up demand for university places; global economic and political competition that put pressure on BRIC governments to create “world class” universities; constraints on public financing of higher education expansion; and earlier state higher education policies that shaped existing institutional cultures and, in turn, shape current higher education institutional reactions to changing state policies. The chapter summarizes the main arguments emerging from this model regarding the financing and institutional arrangements that have characterized higher education expansion in each to the BRICs.

Keywords:   high technology industries, globalization, higher education expansion, state legitimacy, knowledge production, engineers and scientists, privatization, public good, massification, externalities

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