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University Expansion in a Changing Global EconomyTriumph of the BRICs?$
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Martin Carnoy, Prashant Loyalka, and Maria Dobryakova

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786010

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786010.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2022

The Great Higher Education Expansion

The Great Higher Education Expansion

(p.34) 2 The Great Higher Education Expansion
University Expansion in a Changing Global Economy

Martin Carnoy

Prashant Loyalka

Maria Dobryakova

Rafiq Dossani

Isak Froumin

Katherine Kuhns

Jandhyala B. G. Tilak

Rong Wang

Stanford University Press

The chapter discusses in broad terms the historical foundations of BRIC university systems, how the BRICs' higher education systems are being transformed by their enormous enrollment growth, the strategies BRIC States are using to achieve that growth, and the varying role that the growth of technical higher education—specifically engineering and computer science—plays in in that transformation. The chapter makes the case that higher education enrollment growth in the BRICs since 1995 is just the latest round of educational expansion worldwide in the twentieth century, and, as in other countries, was shaped, in varying degrees, by the history of earlier, more limited growth in these higher education systems. The chapter also argues that enrollment growth in the BRICs generally differs significantly from earlier expansions in the developed countries in that it has relied more on families' private contributions, is more vocationalized, and is characterized by increasing differentiation among institutions,

Keywords:   enrollment growth, increasing differentiation, rationalization, vocationalization, entrance examinations, colonial legacy, gross enrollment rate (GER)

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