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University Expansion in a Changing Global EconomyTriumph of the BRICs?$
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Martin Carnoy, Prashant Loyalka, and Maria Dobryakova

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786010

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786010.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 24 October 2019

The Changing Financing of BRIC Higher Education

The Changing Financing of BRIC Higher Education

(p.104) 4 The Changing Financing of BRIC Higher Education
University Expansion in a Changing Global Economy

Martin Carnoy

Prashant Loyalka

Maria Dobryakova

Rafiq Dossani

Isak Froumin

Katherine Kuhns

Jandhyala B. G. Tilak

Rong Wang

Stanford University Press

The chapter describes the changing financing of higher education in the BRIC countries and challenges the interpretation that the trend toward increased reliance on private tuition is primarily the result of an ideological shift. The chapter argues rather that “privatization” is mainly the result of the state's need to respond to political pressures for higher education enrollment increases under resource constraints in the context of rising payoffs to completing university. Such rising payoffs give the state the logical economically efficient option of charging families directly for more highly valued educational services. The chapter also challenges the notion that charging tuition creates greater inequity in the distribution of higher education public investment subsidies. It argues that a more important determinant of greater inequity in the distribution of higher education investments in the BRIC countries is the increasing differentiation in how the state finances elite and non-elite institutions.

Keywords:   direct private financing, increasing differentiation, “world class” universities, cost sharing, externalities of higher education, privatization, spending per student, cost differentiation, user fees

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