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Mediterranean EnlightenmentLivornese Jews, Tuscan Culture, and Eighteenth-Century Reform$
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Francesca Bregoli

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786508

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786508.001.0001

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One The Nazione Ebrea and the Tuscan State A Fruitful Symbiosis

One The Nazione Ebrea and the Tuscan State A Fruitful Symbiosis

(p.15) One The Nazione Ebrea and the Tuscan State A Fruitful Symbiosis
Mediterranean Enlightenment

Francesca Bregoli

Stanford University Press

This chapter offers an introduction to Jewish life in Livorno while investigating the close bonds connecting Livornese Jews with the Tuscan state and culture. It first discusses the Livornina charter (1593), which lay the ground for Jewish life in the Tuscan port, and the exceptional status of Livorno. It then moves to analyzing the interconnection between the governance structures of the nazione ebrea and the Tuscan administration, an arrangement that distinguishes Livorno from other contemporary Sephardi centers. Finally, it emphasizes the importance of the Tuscan Enlightenment in the study of Livornese Jewish history. Under the rule of Francis Stephen of Lorraine and Peter Leopold of Habsburg-Lorraine Tuscan culture and policies were defined by attention to economic, social, and cultural reform. This reforming vocation provides a vantage point to study the Livornese Jewish encounter with outside culture as well as the ways in which Livornese Jews engaged with Enlightenment policies.

Keywords:   integration, separation, Livornina, port cities, Sephardi diaspora, Enlightenment, Tuscany, reforming absolutism, Francis Stephen, Peter Leopold

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