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Britain and the BombNuclear Diplomacy, 1964-1970$
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David James Gill

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786584

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786584.001.0001

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Cooperation as Consultation

Cooperation as Consultation

(p.141) 5 Cooperation as Consultation
Britain and the Bomb

David James Gill

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the emergence of non-physical measures of cooperation in British nuclear diplomacy between 1965 and 1967. Despite initial reservations, the Labour government ultimately welcomed US proposals for greater consultation between the allies in the form of the Nuclear Planning Working Group (NPWG), later supplanted by the Nuclear Planning Group (NPG). The proposal complemented the dual objectives of removing nuclear sharing proposals from the international political landscape and progressing non-proliferation negotiations. Responsibility for the success of this approach, however, rested largely with the superpowers following a series of private negotiations designed to improve the ailing non-proliferation negotiations. The British government’s limited role reflected unease about upsetting US creditors, lingering fears about the possibility of a future NATO nuclear force that could exclude British participation, persistent difficulties over the costs of British forces stationed in West Germany, and a growing interest in membership of the EEC.

Keywords:   Atlantic Nuclear Force, Multilateral Nuclear Force, Nuclear Planning Group, Non-Proliferation Treaty, European Economic Community

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