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Memories of AbsenceHow Muslims Remember Jews in Morocco$
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Aomar Boum

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786997

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786997.001.0001

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Inside the Mellah

Inside the Mellah

Education and the Creation of a Saharan Jewish Center

(p.57) 3 Inside the Mellah
Memories of Absence

Aomar Boum

Stanford University Press

This chapter looks at the internal dynamics of Jewish communities inside their neighborhoods. In the Jewish quarters, Jews were legally independent, as rabbis interpreted and controlled the internal religious and social relations before the arrival of the Alliance Israélite Universelle and the introduction of secular education. The growing exposure of the Jews of Akka and other communities to modern social changes among the urban Jews of Essaouira and Marrakesh accelerated the weakening of the traditional structures in these rural Jewish quarters. In addition, with Moroccan independence and the establishment of Israel, new political institutions limited the power of the rabbis and introduced drastic cultural and social changes to these communities.

Keywords:   Alliance Israélite Universelle, rabbis, synagogue, Jewish ritual, school, education, family life, Marrakesh, Essaouira

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