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Memories of AbsenceHow Muslims Remember Jews in Morocco$
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Aomar Boum

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804786997

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804786997.001.0001

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“Little Jerusalems” Without Jews

“Little Jerusalems” Without Jews

Muslim Memories of Jewish Anxieties and Emigration

Chapter:
(p.87) 4 “Little Jerusalems” Without Jews
Source:
Memories of Absence
Author(s):

Aomar Boum

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804786997.003.0005

This chapter discusses rural Jewish migration from Akka and other communities in southern Morocco to Israel. It argues that the Zionists appealed to an already existing historical narrative among southern Moroccan Jews of belonging to Eretz-Israel. Although the economics and politics were strong factors in this migration, the success of Zionism in building support for this exodus can be explained by its emphasis on a local interpretation of Jewish history based on the belief in aliya. The chapter also recognizes that while Zionism used traditional Messianic symbols, the rural Jews had some agency in deciding to emigrate when the opportunity arose. The chapter has three objectives: to explain why so many rural Jews from Morocco left for Israel in the second half of the twentieth century; to critique the failure of early Moroccan nationalism to include Jews; and to clarify the role of Zionism in Jewish migration.

Keywords:   Jewish migration, nationalism, Zionism, political parties, Palestine, aliya

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