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The Modernity of OthersJewish Anti-Catholicism in Germany and France$
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Ari Joskowicz

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780804787024

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804787024.001.0001

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Nationalism, Antisemitism, and the Decline of Jewish Anti-Catholicism

Nationalism, Antisemitism, and the Decline of Jewish Anti-Catholicism

(p.229) Seven Nationalism, Antisemitism, and the Decline of Jewish Anti-Catholicism
The Modernity of Others

Ari Joskowicz

Stanford University Press

This chapter describes the waning of Jewish anticlerical polemics in response to the rise of antisemitism in Germany and France in the final decades of the nineteenth century. While the 1870s witnessed the highpoint of Jewish anti-Catholicism in Germany, the rise of new suspicions against Jews by the end of that decade made such polemics increasingly less attractive for Jews in Germany from the 1880s on. Even in France, where anticlericalism remained prevalent during the early decades of the French Third Republic and throughout the Dreyfus affair, by World War I, aggressive anticlerical rhetoric had become an increasingly risky strategy for Jewish activists and authors. As new antisemitic movements gained strength and challenged Jews’ right to speak about Catholics and Catholicism—both in metropolitan France and French Algeria—such polemics offered fewer and fewer opportunities to Jews who sought to forge alliances across religious boundaries.

Keywords:   antisemitism, Dreyfus affair, Algeria, French republicanism, German liberalism, anti-Catholicism, anticlericalism, World War I, secularism, polemics

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