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Old Texts, New PracticesIslamic Reform in Modern Morocco$
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Etty Terem

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804787079

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.001.0001

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Delineating Muslim-Christian Relations

Delineating Muslim-Christian Relations

(p.75) 4 Delineating Muslim-Christian Relations
Old Texts, New Practices

Etty Terem

Stanford University Press

Chapter 4 focuses on the expansion of contact with foreigners as the growing disparity in power between Morocco and Europe became acute during the second half of the nineteenth century. It analyzes two texts by al-Wazzānī. The first treats the practice whereby growing numbers of Moroccan Muslims became protégés of foreign powers, especially following 1860. Al-Wazzānī's juristic argumentation is a condemnation of Muslim protégés and a rejection of the discourse that authorized the practice. The second text addresses the question of how to treat Muslims who voluntarily reside under non-Muslim rule where the law of sharīʻa does not prevail. Here, al-Wazzānī contested older ways of interpreting the world and accommodated the changes created by the new historical conditions. This chapter demonstrates how al-Wazzānī delegitimized and marginalized certain interpretations and authorized others in order to both challenge and accommodate the historical change dictated by Moroccan modernity.

Keywords:   Islamic law, New Miʻyār, fatwās, Muslim-Christian Relations, protégés, migration, dār al-Islām (land of Islām), dār al-?arb (land of war), pre-Protectorate Morocco, Moroccan modernity

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