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Amazonian RoutesIndigenous Mobility and Colonial Communities in Northern Brazil$
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Heather F. Roller

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804787086

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804787086.001.0001

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The Struggle for Autonomy in the Early Nineteenth Century

The Struggle for Autonomy in the Early Nineteenth Century

(p.191) 6 The Struggle for Autonomy in the Early Nineteenth Century
Amazonian Routes

Heather F. Roller

Stanford University Press

This final chapter examines the system of administration that replaced the Indian Directorate in 1798. This led to two important changes: (1) enterprises that previously had been sponsored by the crown and managed by the colonial Indian villages, such as the collecting trips and the resettlement expeditions, were privatized; and (2) colonial Indians lost their distinct legal status and were expected to assimilate into a mixed, peasant class. The chapter shows how these changes provoked an increase in regional violence and eventually contributed to the outbreak of Brazil’s largest regional rebellion, the Cabanagem (1835–1840), as Indians and their mixed-race descendants struggled to defend their autonomy in a newly independent Brazil.

Keywords:   Cabanagem Rebellion, independence, imperial Brazil, resistance, privatization, assimilation, ethnicity, identity, autonomy

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