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Electrifying IndiaRegional Political Economies of Development$
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Sunila S. Kale

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804787963

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804787963.001.0001

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Extractive Industrialization and Limited Electrification in Odisha

Extractive Industrialization and Limited Electrification in Odisha

(p.100) 4 Extractive Industrialization and Limited Electrification in Odisha
Electrifying India

Sunila S. Kale

Stanford University Press

This chapter argues that the extremely low rates of rural household electrification and rural electricity consumption are emblematic of a general dearth of development resources and attention to agriculture in Odisha. Despite having a large rural population and large lower-caste and tribal communities, Odisha continues to be governed by a political establishment with more extensive ties to urban and industrial pursuits than to the countryside. In the period of market reforms, because the state in Odisha had extended fewer development resources to rural populations, the contraction of its public sector was more easily accomplished and Odisha emerged as the first state in India to pursue a pattern of utility privatization and restructuring. Privatization also signaled to private investors that the state would provide a hospitable investment climate, and thus advanced the development strategy of extractive industrialization that successive generations of Odisha's political leaders had favored.

Keywords:   Odisha, extractive industrialization, natural resources, Biju Patnaik, privatization, World Bank, Odisha State Electricity Board (OSEB)

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