This chapter presents an overview of cohesion theory to explain why national militaries differ in their staying power and battlefield determination. Drawing on international relations and social science theory, this chapter introduces the central questions: Why do national military organizations differ in their cohesion? Why do some countries’ militaries fight hard when facing defeat, while others collapse? Why are some countries better than others at creating and sustaining cohesive armed forces in war? Chapter one presents the independent variables of degree of regime control and degree of autonomy, a summary of the literature, and an overview of the subsequent chapters and case studies.
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