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Endurance and WarThe National Sources of Military Cohesion$
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Jasen J. Castillo

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804789103

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804789103.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
Endurance and War

Jasen J. Castillo

Stanford University Press

This chapter presents an overview of cohesion theory to explain why national militaries differ in their staying power and battlefield determination. Drawing on international relations and social science theory, this chapter introduces the central questions: Why do national military organizations differ in their cohesion? Why do some countries’ militaries fight hard when facing defeat, while others collapse? Why are some countries better than others at creating and sustaining cohesive armed forces in war? Chapter one presents the independent variables of degree of regime control and degree of autonomy, a summary of the literature, and an overview of the subsequent chapters and case studies.

Keywords:   cohesion theory, armed forces, military cohesion, messianic military, authoritarian military, professional military

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