Chapter three examines Germany in World War II and World War I. The cohesion of German armed forces varied greatly between the two World Wars. The tenacity of the messianic German Army in World War II offers compelling evidence in support of cohesion theory; a high degree of organization autonomy bolstered military cohesion. This chapter then compares the performance of the German Army from 1917 to 1918 with the Wehrmacht of World War II, arguing that the combination of a high degree of organizational autonomy but low degree of regime control produced a professional military in Wilhelmine Germany. Chapter keywords: cohesion theory, military cohesion, World War II, Germany, Wehrmacht, messianic military, World War I, professional military, Wilhelmine Germany
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