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Continuity Despite ChangeThe Politics of Labor Regulation in Latin America$
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Matthew E. Carnes

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804789431

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804789431.001.0001

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Contradictions, Divisions, and Competition:Encompassing Labor Regulation in Peru

Contradictions, Divisions, and Competition:Encompassing Labor Regulation in Peru

(p.127) Chapter 5 Contradictions, Divisions, and Competition:Encompassing Labor Regulation in Peru
Continuity Despite Change

Matthew E. Carnes

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines Peru as an example of an “encompassing” labor law regime, which offers low levels of individual worker protections but facilitates independent union organization and activity. It argues that the lower level of skills in the Peruvian economy made organization around issues of individual contracting difficult. Further, frequent periods of authoritarian rule and weak ties between workers and political parties offered few opportunities for the advancement of labor’s collective interests. As a result, during the globalization period, Peru has undermined even the weak labor laws it had developed, consigning an ever-greater proportion of the population to work without legal protection.

Keywords:   Labor laws, Peru, labor unions, absolute job stability, reform, globalization, encompassing

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