End of an Era
End of an Era
The Transformation of the Philanthropic Network in the Nineteenth Century
This chapter carries the narrative into the nineteenth century and explores the gradual transition from the early modern philanthropic network to new forms of Jewish philanthropy, emphasizing both continuities and change. It explores the rise of a new center in Amsterdam and the attempt to abolish the missions of rabbinic emissaries to Western Europe in the 1820s. A focus of this chapter is the increasingly important role of Jewish public opinion, particularly through the rise of the Jewish press, and the impact of these developments on the philanthropic network of support for the Holy Land. The concluding section of the chapter looks at the intersection of the traditional philanthropic project of the emissaries and the emergence of Jewish nationalism, in particular religious Zionism, towards the end of the period.
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