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Negotiating China's Destiny in World War II$
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Hans van de Ven, Diana Lary, and Stephen MacKinnon

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804789660

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804789660.001.0001

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The Nationalist Government’s Attitude toward Postwar Japan

The Nationalist Government’s Attitude toward Postwar Japan

(p.193) 11 The Nationalist Government’s Attitude toward Postwar Japan
Negotiating China's Destiny in World War II

Wu Sufeng

Stanford University Press

Wu Sufeng demonstrates that the policy of the Nationalists toward post-war Japan was based on the principle of ‘repaying aggression with kindness’, in stark contrast to US and British approaches. Wu argues that in pursuit of this policy, Chiang Kaishek encountered many setbacks and had to put up with dismissive attitudes of his two major Allies which resulted in China’s exclusion from major Allied conferences in the last year of WWII. Chiang Kaishek even had to plead for the inclusion of China as one of the three countries demanding Japan’s unconditional surrender in the Potsdam declaration. However, on such key issues as the position of the Japanese emperor and wartime reparations, Chiang’s views were nonetheless influential. His careful manouevering also ensured that China did emerge out of WWII as one of the victorious Allies.

Keywords:   Wei Daoming, Japanese Emperor, Potsdam Declaration, Chiang Kaishek, Roosevel, Churchill, Stalin, Yalta Agreements, Song Ziwen, Kong Xiangxi

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