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Islam in the BalanceIdeational Threats in Arab Politics$
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Lawrence Rubin

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804790796

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804790796.001.0001

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Indirect Power Projection and Ideational Balancing after Khomeini

Indirect Power Projection and Ideational Balancing after Khomeini

(p.96) 5 Indirect Power Projection and Ideational Balancing after Khomeini
Islam in the Balance

Lawrence Rubin

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines Saudi Arabia and Egypt's threat perception and policies of this type of ideational threat during the 1990s and 2000s. This chapter shows that ideational power can threaten indirectly through symbolic policies that have communicative political value. Moreover, ideational balancing by Saudi Arabia and Egypt took on more of a coordinated effort as seen in how Riyadh and Cairo framed the Iranian threat in sectarian terms. This securitization of sectarianism attempted to coordinate policies at the domestic and international levels and had slightly different meanings for each state. While it would seem that Iran's pursuit of its nuclear program should trigger traditional forms of balancing (which it did), this chapter points out how fears of this development enhanced the ideational threat and reaction at home. Lastly, these developments further demonstrate how the ideational security dilemma can be destabilizing.

Keywords:   Palestinian, Rushdie, OIC, Ahmedinejad, Iran, Iraq War, Shi’a crescent, Hezbollah, al-Qaeda

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