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Open SkiesTransparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War$
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Peter Jones

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804790987

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.001.0001

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From the First Open Skies Initiative to the Stockholm Conference

From the First Open Skies Initiative to the Stockholm Conference

(p.9) 1 From the First Open Skies Initiative to the Stockholm Conference
Open Skies

Peter Jones

Stanford University Press

Chapter one recounts the considerations which led President Eisenhower to propose Open Skies in 1955, and those which led the Soviets to reject it. The factors that influenced Eisenhower were similar to those which motivated Bush later; it was an easily understood idea which would test whether a new Soviet regime apparently committed to better relations was really prepared to change long-held positions. Also, in the days before high-altitude reconnaissance flights and satellites there were practical benefits for the US. Over the years, the question of aerial monitoring arose in different contexts, but was always turned down by the Soviets. In the 1980s the Soviets displayed less resistance to monitoring specific locations as part of a package of Confidence-building Measures under negotiation in Europe. But nothing they agreed to then could have led anyone to imagine that a full-blown Open Skies regime might be possible someday.

Keywords:   Eisenhower, Khruschchev, Open Skies, Confidence-building Measure (CBM), Cold War, NATO, Verification, Cooperative Aerial Monitoring, Warsaw Pact

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