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Open SkiesTransparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War$
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Peter Jones

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804790987

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.001.0001

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The Ottawa and Budapest Conferences

The Ottawa and Budapest Conferences

(p.59) 4 The Ottawa and Budapest Conferences
Open Skies

Peter Jones

Stanford University Press

Chapter four covers initial rounds of the Ottawa and Budapest talks, where each side took the attitude that the other should make compromises. This may have reflected the powerful elements of the delegations' view that it was the best way to ensure the Treaty would not be realized. What was also discovered was how much the Warsaw Pact's solidarity had disintegrated, with the Soviets' allies essentially accepting the Western conception of the regime. However, they did insist that whatever capabilities the NATO allies would enjoy in terms of sensors and data-processing should be equally available. This was important to the Treaty and had the effect of moderating the extreme aspects of American positions. Open Skies was not the European allies' priority at this time; the treaty to limit conventional forces in Europe (the CFE Treaty) was. But Open Skies’ moment would come as the CFE Treaty later encountered difficulties.

Keywords:   Ottawa, Budapest, Open Skies, Confidence-building Measure (CBM), Cold War, NATO, Verification, Cooperative Aerial Monitoring, Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, Warsaw Pact

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