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Open SkiesTransparency, Confidence-Building, and the End of the Cold War$
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Peter Jones

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804790987

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804790987.001.0001

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Interim Negotiations

Interim Negotiations

(p.92) 5 Interim Negotiations
Open Skies

Peter Jones

Stanford University Press

Chapter five covers an interim period beginning with the Budapest round's failure. Politicians retook control and established, for the first time, the parameters of the regime they sought – a moderately intrusive, cooperative CBM. Meetings between Bush and Gorbachev, and then between Baker and Schevardnadze, showed that they saw Open Skies differently than their officials. They created a formula for compromise, based on the “Grand Compromise” advocated by smaller countries in Ottawa and Budapest, and instructed their officials to implement it. Open Skies now had distinct goals that could be translated into practical regime requirements. Meanwhile, European arms control talks hit a serious snag, and so Open Skies became the only way European allies could monitor Russian conventional military equipment beyond the Ural Mountains. This period featured the coup attempt in the Soviet Union that would lead to its breakup, which discredited many of those in Moscow who opposed Open Skies.

Keywords:   Baker, Schevardnadze, Open Skies, Confidence-building Measure (CBM), Cold War, NATO, Verification, Cooperative Aerial Monitoring, Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, Warsaw Pact

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