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Making History in IranEducation, Nationalism, and Print Culture$
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Farzin Vejdani

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804791533

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804791533.001.0001

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Patronage, Translation, and the Printing of History

Patronage, Translation, and the Printing of History

(p.17) 1 Patronage, Translation, and the Printing of History
Making History in Iran

Farzin Vejdani

Stanford University Press

This chapter demonstrates that the Qajar court’s creation of the Translation and Publication Bureaus in the mid-nineteenth century marked a break with previous patterns of court patronage for official chroniclers. The court charged government officials with the task of translating and composing histories not only to bolster the legitimacy of the Iranian imperial monarchy, but also to seek out autocratic top-down models for modernization through the biographies of European monarchs. By the late nineteenth century and especially with the 1906 Iranian Constitutional Revolution, historians outside of the court gained a measure of autonomy from the patronage and authority of the Qajar state. This chapter argues that the autonomy in the realm of printing was reflected in the selection of histories on revolution, anti-imperialism, and democracy for translation into Persian.

Keywords:   patronage, translation, printing, imperial court, India, Constitutional Revolution, public sphere

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