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Making History in IranEducation, Nationalism, and Print Culture$
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Farzin Vejdani

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804791533

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804791533.001.0001

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The Women’s Movement, the Press, and Exemplary Biographies

The Women’s Movement, the Press, and Exemplary Biographies

(p.97) 4 The Women’s Movement, the Press, and Exemplary Biographies
Making History in Iran

Farzin Vejdani

Stanford University Press

This chapter investigates the Iranian women’s movement’s engagement with history through the press. The women’s press of the late 1910s and 1920s became a site for the articulation of alternative histories promoting female education, rights, and political involvement. Facing fierce resistance to their reforms, feminists were compelled to rewrite the history of Muslim women to demonstrate the compatibility of their reforms with Islam. The chapter then examines the implicit bargain between the women’s movement and the Pahlavi state in which many women’s newspapers were shut down in the late 1920s in exchange for state support for girls’ education and limited rights. The few women writing histories in the 1930s reflected this bargain with the state by erasing the women’s movement’s role in bringing about these changes and ascribing all impetus for reforms to Riza Shah.

Keywords:   women, associations, press, public, biographies, Islam, transnationalism, suffrage, state

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