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How India Became TerritorialForeign Policy, Diaspora, Geopolitics$
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Itty Abraham

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804791632

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804791632.001.0001

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Diaspora as Foreign Policy

Diaspora as Foreign Policy

(p.73) 3 Diaspora as Foreign Policy
How India Became Territorial

Itty Abraham

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines diaspora as a territorializing practice of foreign policy. It is concerned with understanding the changes in India's diaspora policy, from inclusion during the colonial period, to rejection from 1947–1999, followed by a selective reincorporation from the early 2000s. The chapter first offers a historical summary of the emergence of a globally dispersed Indian nation. It argues that India turned its back on its diaspora on gaining independence to assuage the concerns of its Asian neighbors. By the end of the century, however, India was concerned with bringing elements of its overseas population “home,” in particular, upper-caste and middle-class Hindus. This process of reterritorialization and deterritorialization was driven by contradictions in the definition of the Indian nation exacerbated by domestic social upsurge.

Keywords:   Girmitya, Colonial India's Foreign Policy, Global Indian Nation, Rejection and Reincorporation of Diaspora, Uganda 1972, High-Level Committee on Diaspora, Asian Relations Conference 1947, Bandung 1955, Diaspora

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